It is a truth widely familiar that a lot of HIV positive patients are found to be positive for herpes. Is this the right sequence though? Or does having herpes virus makes you more susceptible to HIV infection? The answer lies in the understanding of how HIV or herpes is transmitted. In hope that this, in turn, should benefit the HIV Treatments in Malaysia.
Herpes is an infection of a virus named herpes simplex virus (HSV). The HSV virus can be transmitted by skin contact with an infected person where the viruses are available. As the virus travels from the infected person to a new host, it will then resides in skin and nerve cells forever. This cunning virus may stay eternally in the human body because currently there are no available treatments to eradicate the virus. Therefore, after a few courses of attacks, they will mostly go dormant.
Because the infection does not cause obvious symptoms, patients are usually oblivious to this invasion. However, HSV does cause a small skin problem usually known as blisters. They are usually red, fluid-filled and painful. Depending on its type, the sores will usually form near the mouth, genitals or anus. They can also surface some symptoms which include numbness, tingling and itchiness. When these symptoms arise, we will usually call this period as the herpes outbreak or flare-ups.
Now, generally whatever kind of infection that happens, they will be worse in patients with HIV for the reason that the reduced immune defence in HIV leads to magnified infection and its reproduction. This is also the case with herpes in HIV-positive patients. If commonly in HIV-negative patients, we can see that the herpes outbreak will attack only at times of diminishing immunity such as during extreme stress. The case, however, is different in HIV-positive patients.
Herpes outbreak tends to resurface more frequently in HIV-positive patients. This is because the virus is able to replicate more vigorously in HIV patients as there non-stopping them. Hence, this could be one of the symptoms that a person who already has herpes but unknown HIV status might be recognized with. Generally, constant attacks accompanied by the longer recovery might be a telltale sign that the patient is actually HIV-positive all along.
Altogether, we can see that the herpes flare-ups in HIV-positive patients who don’t know of their status yet may appear starting with numbness and tingling feeling as the virus creeps up the nerve endings. Afterwards, as it started to replicate, and face no interruption, it will make the person feel sick and weak. Later on, as the virus moves into the mucosa of skin to cause irritation a patient will see blisters forming as part of their symptoms. This condition may also be the symptoms in untreated HIV cases.
In conclusion, because both herpes and HIV are sexually transmitted diseases, there has always been confusion about the transmission. Patients of untreated HIV, patients of unknown status and the HIV-negative patient may suffer the same symptoms, only with different or varied intensity. Therefore, managing herpes always need to be done in sync with HIV Treatments in Malaysia so that the condition is not as bad.