Cancer is a threat to one’s life as in this abnormal cells divide themselves in an uncontrolled way and spread in the body. When it comes to cancer prevention and early detection is the only cure. Whenever you find slightest of the symptoms always rush to the doctor and regular screenings done. Some health portals can be of help, like ClinicSpots that provide complete information on cancer hospital in India & oncologist in India.
Blood Cancer is one of the most common types of cancers and is mainly of two kinds. These kinds of blood cancer vary based on their origin and the area they affect. Following are the three types of blood cancer
The cells of cancer start multiplying themselves and change the bone marrow or the blood and reduce the rate of the production of blood cells in the blood which ultimately leads to the increase in the number of white blood cells. And because of the absence of the appropriate amount of red blood cells, the white blood cells do not get fully developed.
The Lymphoma is a kind of cancer that affects the white blood cells called lymphocytes. A lymphoma is a group of blood cells tumours that generate from lymphatic cells. The lymphatic system is the body’s network to fight diseases. It includes the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland and bone marrow.
Plasma is a component of blood and plasma cells are a type of white blood cells in the bone marrow. In Myeloma, the plasma is affected by the cancerous cells. A group of plasma cells become cancer cells and start multiplying itself. This disease can damage the body’s immune system, bones and reduce the red blood cell count.
Blood Cancer Stages
There are various scales to test the blood cancer based on the rate of metastasis and symptoms. Before beginning with treating cancer, doctors first examine the stage of cancer through various tests. It is considered necessary to examine the stage of cancer because only then a patient would be given the correct treatment. According to the Number Staging System, there are four stages of blood cancer:
It is also known as Carcinoma in situ that reflects that the abnormal cells are present in one zone of the body. This poses a risk that these cells would turn to cancer cells in the future, even though they are too small to form a tumour. It is also called non-invasive cancer because many doctors believe that this would never develop into cancer
In the first stage of blood cancer, there is enlargement of lymph nodes. This is because of the sudden increase in the number of lymphocytes. At this stage, the risk is shallow because the cancer has not yet spread and hasn’t affected any other physical organ. You can get in touch with a cancer hospital in Noida to treat your first stage of cancer.
In the second stage of blood cancer, spleen, liver and lymph nodes become large. It is not essential that all the organs get affected at the same time, but during this, one of these organs undoubtedly get changed. In this stage, the lymphocytes also grow at a very high rate. In this stage, cancer or tumour does not grow deeply into nearby tissues. In this stage of cancer, it is curable, usually by removing the entire tumour with surgery.
Anaemia develops in the third stage of blood cancer and spleen, liver and lymph nodes become enlarged. In this stage, more than two organs get affected. At this stage, cancer starts to spread into nearby tissues, and cells start grouping in the lymph nodes.
In the 4th stage of blood cancer, there is the highest risk ratio. The number of blood platelets starts falling at a very high rate. At this stage, the cancer cells begin affecting lungs, including many other organs. In this stage, Anaemia is more likely to be acute. It is also called advanced or metastatic cancer.
Most of the deaths because of cancer are due to late or inappropriate treatment of this deadly disease. So it’s necessary to diagnose the system, examine the stage and take up the correct and appropriate treatment for the prevailing blood cancer.
Get in touch with Dr. Vikas Goswami to treat the blood cancer effectively.